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HISTORY OF COFFEE

According to the most popular legend, coffee was invented by a shepherd named Khaldi in 9th century in Ethiopia. According to this myth, a shepherd discovers that his goats, eating the fruits of an unknown tree, show amazing vigor and do not sleep at night. He tells about this to the monk of the nearby Monastery, who becomes interested in this amazing fruit. The monk prepares a soup from the fruits of the coffee tree and is extremely pleased with the result. This soup helps him to stay energetic during the evening prayer hours. And this is how coffee begins to gain popularity in the environment of monks up to the 15th century, becoming a mandatory component of monastic life. At the beginning of the 15th century, thanks to the Sufi monks, coffee entered Yemen and then also the countries of the Middle East. In the 16th century, coffee was already very popular in Persia, India, Egypt, Turkey, and a number of Arab and African countries. Later, coffee spreads to European countries and reaches the New World, America.

For the first time, the Yemeni Arabs made an infusion of coffee instead of cooking it in a soup to drink it. They discovered that roasted and crushed coffee beans are more aromatic and, when boiled with hot water, produce an extremely tasty solution that can be sipped.

For the property of stopping the appetite of coffee, the Arabs likened it to a special type of wine, which was called “Kaha”. And since the coffee had the characteristic of giving strength to the drinker, it was also called by the name “Kuvva”. As a result, the name “Kahvah” came out because of the union of these two words, which changed into “Kahve” in Turkish. Spreading as a result of the Turkish invasions in Europe, coffee became “Koffee” in Dutch and in 1582 was introduced into the English vocabulary, became “Coffee” and spread throughout the world. Currently, coffee is known all over the world as “Coffee” and has almost always the same sound.

Today, coffee is the second most consumed beverage in the world after water. More than 2 billion cups of coffee are consumed in the world every day. And although today it is difficult to imagine our daily life without at least one cup of coffee, coffee has not always been clearly perceived and accepted by society. At one time, coffee was even considered “Evil” because it disturbed sleep and was banned in Europe. Then coffee was considered the “source of the Muse” because it helped artists stay awake and active for a long time and create. At one time, coffee was only available to the nobility due to its high cost and was only served to special guests on occasions of special importance.

Today in the world there are 12 main methods of making coffee, on the basis of which more than 100 different coffee drinks are prepared in accordance with all tastes.